In Florida, all marital assets are subject to equitable distribution. If you leave assets to your children in a revocable trust, they can also be at risk to equitable distribution depending on the circumstances and how they are used. If you create an Irrevocable Pure Grantor Trust (IPUG) and leave assets to your children in their own IPUG they will remain separate property and are only subject to alimony and child support as a last resort. Generally these assets will be protected as separate property in the case of a divorce which occurs in around 50% of all marriages.

To discuss how an IPUG trust can protect assets from your creditors and those of your beneficiaries, contact a Florida Estate Planning Lawyer to discuss your circumstances and goals.

In Florida Statute 733.301(1)(b)(2) defines how a minor child can participate in a probate proceeding. Minor children are not able to participate directly, but can do so through a court appointed guardian over their property. In a recent Florida case out of the 2nd District of Florida the appellate court found that it is an error not to give the minor children an opportunity to have a guardian appointed before appointing a personal representative.

The court found that although the mother, as natural parent, had no right to select the personal representative, she did have the right to file objections on behalf of her children. Significantly, the statute does not entitle a natural guardian to such a right. Rather, section 733.301(2) provides that “[a] guardian of the property of a ward who if competent would be entitled to appointment as, or to select, the personal representative may exercise the right to select the personal representative.”

Although Florida Probate Rule 5.040(a)(2) provides that where an interested person on whom formal notice is served does not serve written defenses within twenty days, the probate court may consider the pleading ex parte, Florida courts treat this rule as merely procedural; it is “`in no sense’ a statute of limitations or a mandatory non-claim provision.” Tanner v. Estate of Tanner, 476 So. 2d 793, 794 (Fla. 1st DCA 1985).

In Florida Probate is the legal process which occurs after death and is used to transfer assets and pay the debts of the person who is deceased. This process takes place in the Civil Court where the person lived at the time they passed away or in the county where the decedent owned property in Florida. Additionally, a probate proceeding is usually required in each state where the decedent owned property in their own name without a right of survivorship.

The basic steps to a Florida probate case are:

  1. Filing a petition in the Probate Court
  2. Heirs, beneficiaries, and creditors are identified.
  3. Notice is delivered to all heirs and beneficiaries.
  4. A public notice of petition is published in a local newspaper
  5. For larger estates a Personal Representative appointed by the court and obtains letters of administration
  6. An inventory of assets and debts is created.
  7. Creditors claims are verified and disputed when necessary.
  8. A proposed distribution of assets is presented to the Court.
  9. The Court determines and approves the distribution of assets and actions of the Personal Representative.
  10. The Probate is finalized through consent or by order of the Probate Judge.

A basic probate can be in the range of $1000-$1500 and larger estates typically are based on the assets in the estate. We will quote fixed fees for probates and even discount them in larger estates based on the statutory guidelines.

Timeshares can be problematic and one should consider owning the timeshare in a Trust or LLC, or holding ownership with another party as joint tenants with rights of survivorship in an effort to avoid an unnecessary probate

Gay Flag Pole.jpgProvincetown, Massachusetts is the new LGBT place to be.

The Williams Institute of Census has said that South Florida is one of the top spots for LGBT population Growth. Florida is the last state to declare the ban on gay adoption as unconstitutional.

According to the 2010 Census, Florida has approximately 65,601 same-sex couple households, a 60 percent leap since the 2000 Census. Read more about same-sex couple household statistics.

As an Orange Park LGBT Rights Attorney it is wise for same-sex couples living together to consult with a Florida attorney. There are no inherent legal rights that apply to same-sex couples in Florida. Legal documents ranging from Deeds to your home, Wills, Designation of Health Care Surrogate, and many other Florida Estate Planning documents and agreements are needed to ensure that you, and your partner, are protected, legally.

With the rise of the gay population in Florida, awareness is needed to inform every partner of a same-sex relationship to seek the counsel of an attorney. When heterosexual couples divorce, there are statutory protections, not so when a gay or lesbian couple split.

In Florida when a someone dies family members will need to compile a list of important information to deal with the estate. These documents will include what the deceased person owned, a list of their creditors and the amount of money owed at the time of death. To help get you started, here is a list of documents that need to be located:

  1. Account statements
  2. Life insurance policies
  3. Beneficiary designations
  4. Deeds for real estate
  5. Automobile and boat titles
  6. Stock and bond certificates
  7. Business documents

In addition you may want to request our Free Florida Probate Hanbook to help you understand the process. When you request the handbook, be sure to ask any specific questions you may have.


A Florida Voluntary Guardianship is a great option for those with elderly parents and elderly relatives who have increasing difficulty managing their own “property affairs”. Business transactions such as banking matters, real estate transactions, and money management are some of the everyday tasks that become increasingly difficult to handle for Florida’s elderly.

Ponte Vedra or Jacksonville residents may become a

Voluntary Guardian

by request and petition of the individual (“ward”) who is in need of assistance from a trusted family member or friend.

The petition must also include a physician’s certificate stating that the person who is petitioning the court for a guardian is competent to understand the nature and scope of the guardianship.

A wonderful feature of the provision is that it allows the guardian to take possession and control of less than all of the wards property. This enables the “ward” to maintain a sense of independence, and allows that person to manage a certain “portion” of their property, and still feel in control of their world. Each circumstance is unique and therefore, it is prudent to discuss your situation with a

Ponte Vedra Guardianship Attorney

When the Petition requests that the guardian only take control of a part of the wards estate, the court order must be specific as to the property to be included in the guardianship estate.


Voluntary Guardian

must file an annual report with the court, which gives an accounting as to the property under the guardian’s control. The ward may terminate the voluntary guardianship at any time by filing a notice of termination with the court and must obtain a new certification of competency each year for the guardianship to continue. If you have questions about how a voluntary guardianship may assist someone in need of assistance, contact an experienced

Guardianship Attorney in Ponte Vedra.

Currently the Revocable Living Trust is the most popular type of trust for estate planning. With the current estate tax exemption at 5 Million dollars, many have begun to ask if there is a need for such a trust. More over the Revocable Living Trust provides no asset protection.

Currently 99.7% of the US population has less than 5 Million in Assets. While a Revocable Living Trust can offer privacy, probate avoidance, easier management of one’s assets, and numerous other benefits, it does not offer any asset protection. Many people really want an irrevocable trust, but do not want the consequences of the traditional irrevocable trust. While there are many types of irrevocable trusts, most either cause a loss of control over the assets by the grantor, loose the stepped up basis, or cause the trust to pay taxes at the highest tax rate with as little as $11,000 in earnings.

There are variations of the irrevocable trust that can solve one or more of these issues, but there is only one type of Irrevocable Trust that has the flexibility of a revocable trust, provides asset protection from the creditors of the creators as well as the beneficiaries, allows the income to be taxed at personal rates, and provides for stepped up basis upon the death of the creator.

While the IPUG: Irrevocable Pure Grantor Trust defies the logic of most estate planners, it has been designed using common law, trust law, and tax law to provide Asset Protection, taxing at a personal level, the ability to control the income and principal, stepped up basis and even can even help in nursing home qualification or Medicaid eligibility.

If you would like to find out how you can upgrade your standard revocable trust or create a new Florida Asset Protection Trust, contact a Florida Estate Planning Lawyer that is knowledgeable about the Irrevocable Pure Grantor Trust and how to structure it to accomplish your goals.

The Florida law governing powers of attorney and similar instruments is found in Chapter 709 of the Florida Statutes. The Florida legislature on May 4, 2011 voted to pass Senate Bill 670 which significantly revised Chapter 709.

A. Generally

A power of attorney is a writing that grants authority to an agent to act in the place of the principal. Pursuant to the Act, a principal is an individual who grants authority to an agent and an agent is the person granted authority by the principal in a power of attorney. The Act allows for both durable and nondurable powers of attorney. A durable power of attorney is one that is not terminated by the incapacity of the principal, whereas a nondurable power of attorney is terminated upon the principal’s incapacity. For a power of attorney to be durable, it must state that it is not terminated by the subsequent incapacity of the principal, or similar words that evidence the principal’s intent.

The Act applies to all powers of attorney created by an individual except a proxy or other delegation to exercise voting or management rights with respect to an entity, a power created on a form prescribed by a governmental agency or subdivision for a governmental purpose, and a power coupled with an interest (e.g., a power given to a creditor to sell pledged collateral.
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They sound similar. Unfortunately many people do not understand the differences between the two. Most people think Medicare will “care” for them forever but, that is simply not the case.

While Medicare and Medicaid sound similar, they are very different government programs. Medicare provides healthcare benefits for the over 65, blind, and disabled; while Medicaid provides medical benefits for the impoverished.

Medicare is a basically public health insurance for those age 65 and older. Medicare does not pay for long-term care! It will cover some rehabilitation and this is often confused with long-term care.. If a senior citizen has Medicare and is hospitalized for a stay of at least three days, and is then admitted into a skilled nursing facility, Medicare may pay – for a while. But once those Medicare benefits hit 100 consecutive days or the patient stops improving the coverage is over.

Often Medicare will not even provide coverage for the full 100 days. For the coverage to continue there must be improvement, otherwise Medicare cut you off. Many diseases like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s have no known cure today, rehabilitation is not possible so Medicare will not provide coverage for a nursing home.

While Florida Medicaid is paid for by both federal and state funds it is run or administered by the state of Florida. This means that you cannot look to what happens in other states to decide what will work in Florida. Florida makes its own rules and adopts part of the federal guidelines but gets to determine how it is implemented.

Short synopsis of the difference between Medicare and Medicaid

Health insurance for seniors age 65+
Federally controlled, uniform application across the country Pays for up to 100 days of nursing home care Pays for primary hospital care and related medically necessary services Must have contributed to Medicare system to be eligible and generally be over age 65


Needs-based health care program Controlled state by state, which created different regulations in each state of application Pays for long-term care Pays for medications Must meet income and asset limits to be eligible and be over 65, disabled, or blind

If you or a loved one need help qualifying for Medicaid or a Nursing home coverage ask a Jacksonville Medicaid Planning Lawyer how and IPUG trust may help you save assets and qualify early for Medicaid assistance.

Asset protection is one of the most important planning tools for America’s aging population, especially in our current tumultuous economy. One new tool in protecting your assets is the Irrevocable Pure Grantor Trust — AKA, the iPug™.

iPug™ trusts are not based on any state statute, but are instead grounded in century-old and well established common law. This means more stability in courts and more peace of mind for those who opt to use an iPug™ trust. In fact, the iPug™ is beneficial for nearly all Americans. This is because the iPug™ is taxed as a grantor trust, meaning the taxes are passed through to the grantor — the trust itself is not individually taxed. This is beneficial for anyone with assets valued at less than $5 million — i.e., over 99% of Americans.

There are three types of iPug™ trusts:

(1) the income-only version,
(2) the control-only version, and
(3) the third-party version.

In the income-only version, the grantor of the trust gives up the rights to the assets he or she puts in the trust — these assets are only available to the beneficiaries. However, the grantor retains the rights to any income the trust accumulates. One downside to this version of the trust is that creditors also have access to this profit, though they do not have access to the any other assets within the trust.

The control-only version of the trust gives the grantor full control over all assets and all income of the trust. Creditors cannot reach any of the assets therein, and the grantor can distribute the assets to anyone he or she chooses — the only exception being the actual grantor.

Finally, the third-party version is where grantors create the trust for the benefit of a third-party. Usually, this involves adult children creating the trust for their parents for their parents’ lifetime. This version is primarily used when parents have already transferred assets to children but are afraid or concerned that if they need them, they might not have access to the asset. This version is created and the parents are named as the beneficiaries of the trust. Further, assets within the trust are protected from the children’s creditors and are not affected by divorce.

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